In Kazakhstan electricity consumption has been steadily rising since the late 1990s. The country predominantly relies on coal-based energy generation which directly leads to high emissions of CO2, the main greenhouse gas: in 2014 the annual total of CO2 emissions approached 70 million tonnes. A significant technical potential to reduce emissions lies in increasing the efficiency of common electricity-intensive appliances and equipment. Heavy equipment such as Power Transformers lose nearly 5 per cent of global electricity each year and it is expected that the global installed stock of transformers will more than double by 2040, making them one of the larger areas for energy efficiency development. A distribution power transformer is an essential part of the modern energy transmission chain as they are used in the electricity transmission and distribution grid system to adjust voltage and current. Generally, electricity passes through up to five transformers as it travels from the power plant to the customer.
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