Country Assessments

Nepal Savings Policy Assessment

Country Overview

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

1

Percentage of total electicity use (%)

15.7

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

2.5

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

1,400

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

85

Energy plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(100MW)

2

SAVINGS, SHARE OF DIFFERENT APPLIANCES IN 2030 (%)

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (TWh)

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION

Electrification rate (%)

0.76

Transmission and distribution loss factor (%)

0.2

CO2 emissions factor (kg/kWh)

0.002

Population 2014 (million)

28.5

GDP per capita 2014/2013 ($)

2,265

Residential electricity price ($/kWh)

0.08

Industrial electricity price ($/kWh)

0.12

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

5.7

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

14

Energy bill savings (million$)

480

CONTRIBUTING TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION

Country objective: By 2050, Nepal will achieve 80% electrification through renewable energy sources having appropriate energy mix. Nepal will also reduce its dependency on fossil fuels by 50%.

Lighting

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

80

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.2

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM LIGHTING IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

0.2

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

100

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF LIGHTING IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

6.4

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

650

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

1.6

Energy bill savings (million$)

52

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Refrigerator

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

560

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

8.7

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

1.4

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

800

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

45

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

6

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

3

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

7.4

Energy bill savings (million$)

240

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF REFRIGERATORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Air Conditioner

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

130

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.9

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

0.3

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

200

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

10

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

720

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

1.8

Energy bill savings (million$)

58

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Transformer

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

180

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

2.7

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

0.4

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

200

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

14

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

2

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

1

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

2

Energy bill savings (million$)

81

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Electric Motor

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOTORS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

75

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.2

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM MOTORS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

0.2

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

100

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF MOTORS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

9

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

390

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

1

Energy bill savings (million$)

47

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOTORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

The savings potentials are calculated based on the assumption that minimum energy performance standards are implemented in 2020 at a level equivalent to the present day (2016) best global minimum energy performance standards.

Full Methodology & assumptions (PDF)