Country Assessments

Madagascar Savings Policy Assessment

Country Overview

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

360

Percentage of total electicity use (%)

6.5

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (megatonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

0.22

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

121,100

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

78

Energy plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

4

SAVINGS, SHARE OF DIFFERENT APPLIANCES IN 2030 (%)

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION

Electrification rate (%)

0.15

Transmission and distribution loss factor (%)

0.09

CO2 emissions factor (kg/kWh)

0.564

Population 2014 (million)

23.6

GDP per capita 2014/2013 ($)

449

Residential electricity price ($/kWh)

0.231

Industrial electricity price ($/kWh)

0.05

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

2.3

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

1.4

Energy bill savings (million$)

510

CONTRIBUTING TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION

Country objective: In 2030, Madagascar aims to reduce approximately 30 MtCO2 of its emissions of GHG, representing 14% of national emissions, compared to the BAU scenario, with projections based of GHG inventory from year 2000 to 2010.

Lighting

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

160

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

2.9

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM LIGHTING IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

98

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

54,500

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF LIGHTING IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

37

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

2

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

1.2

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

760

Energy bill savings (million$)

280

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Refrigerator

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

36

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

0.7

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

23

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

12,600

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

8.4

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

0

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

180

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

110

Energy bill savings (million$)

42

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF REFRIGERATORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Air Conditioner

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

61

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.1

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

38

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

20,900

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

14

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

320

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

200

Energy bill savings (million$)

75

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Transformer

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

77

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.4

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

44

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

24,200

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

18

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

430

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

240

Energy bill savings (million$)

99

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Electric Motor

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOTORS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

26

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

0.5

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM MOTORS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

16

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

8,900

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF MOTORS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

1.3

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

0

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

130

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

83

Energy bill savings (million$)

6.7

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOTORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

The savings potentials are calculated based on the assumption that minimum energy performance standards are implemented in 2020 at a level equivalent to the present day (2016) best global minimum energy performance standards.

Full Methodology & assumptions (PDF)