Country Assessments

Indonesia Savings Policy Assessment

Country Overview

BAU

Business as usual

Min. Amb.

Minimum Ambition

High Amb.

High Ambition

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (PWh)

Energy savings (PWh)

0.15

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

11.02

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (Billion tonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (Billion tonnes)

0.19

Equivalent to number of passenger cars (millions)

100

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (Billion US$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

10

Energy plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(500MW)

68

SAVINGS, SHARE OF DIFFERENT APPLIANCES IN 2030 (%)

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN THREE SCENARIOS (BUSINESS AS USUAL, MINIMUM AMBITION , HIGH AMBITION) (PWh)

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION

Electrification rate (%)

92

Transmission and distribution loss factor (%)

19

CO2 emissions factor (kg/kWh)

0.82

Population 2019 (million)

1,350

GDP per capita 2018 ($)

2,016

Residential electricity price ($/kWh)

0.07

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

882

CO2 emissions avoided (Billion tonnes)

1.09

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

61.7

Lighting

BAU

Business as usual

Min. Amb.

Minimum Ambition

High Amb.

High Ambition

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION FROM LIGHTING IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

4

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

0.33

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM LIGHTING IN 2030 (Million tonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

5

Equivalent to number of passenger cars (millions)

3

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS FROM LIGHTING IN 2030 (Billion US$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

0.3

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(500MW)

2

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

48.6

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

60

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

3.4

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN THREE SCENARIOS (BUSINESS AS USUAL, MINIMUM AMBITION, HIGH AMBITION) (TWh)

Refrigerator

BAU

Business as usual

Min. Amb.

Minimum Ambition

High Amb.

High Ambition

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION FROM RESIDENTIAL REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

11.5

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

0.84

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM RESIDENTIAL REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (Million tonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

14.2

Equivalent to number of passenger cars (millions)

8

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS FROM RESIDENTIAL REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (Billion US$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

0.8

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(500MW)

5

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

59.5

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

73.4

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

4.16

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF RESIDENTIAL REFRIGERATORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BUSINESS AS USUAL, MINIMUM AMBITION, HIGH AMBITION) (TWh)

Air Conditioner

BAU

Business as usual

Min. Amb.

Minimum Ambition

High Amb.

High Ambition

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION FROM ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

106

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

7.73

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (Million tonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

131

Equivalent to number of passenger cars (millions)

70

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS FROM ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (Billion US$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

7.4

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(500MW)

48

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

618

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

763

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

43.3

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BUSINESS AS USUAL, MINIMUM AMBITION, HIGH AMBITION) (TWh)

Transformer

BAU

Business as usual

Min. Amb.

Minimum Ambition

High Amb.

High Ambition

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION FROM DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

0.6

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

0.04

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (Million tonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

0.7

Equivalent to number of passenger cars (thousands)

400

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS FROM DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (Billion US$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

0.05

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(100MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

3.02

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

3.73

Energy bill savings (Million US$)

212

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BUSINESS AS USUAL, MINIMUM AMBITION, HIGH AMBITION) (TWh)

Electric Motor

BAU

Business as usual

Min. Amb.

Minimum Ambition

High Amb.

High Ambition

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION FROM INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC MOTORS IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

28

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

2.07

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC MOTORS IN 2030 (Billion tonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (Billion tonnes)

0.04

Equivalent to number of passenger cars (millions)

20

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS FROM INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC MOTORS IN 2030 (Billion US$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

2

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(500MW)

12

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2040)

Energy savings (TWh)

152

CO2 emissions avoided (Million tonnes)

188

Energy bill savings (Billion US$)

10.7

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC MOTORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BUSINESS AS USUAL, MINIMUM AMBITION, HIGH AMBITION) (TWh)

The savings potentials are calculated based on the assumption that Minimum Energy Performance Standards are implemented in 2020 at a level derived from the United For Efficiency Model Regulation Guidelines.

Full Methodology & assumptions (PDF)