Country Assessments

Viet Nam Savings Policy Assessment

Country Overview

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

16

Percentage of total electicity use (%)

7.2

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (megatonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

6.9

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

3,807,400

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (billion$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted billion$)

1.3

Energy plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(500MW)

7

SAVINGS, SHARE OF DIFFERENT APPLIANCES IN 2030 (%)

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (TWh)

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION

Electrification rate (%)

0.96

Transmission and distribution loss factor (%)

0.06

CO2 emissions factor (kg/kWh)

0.415

Population 2014 (million)

90.7

GDP per capita 2014/2013 ($)

2,052

Residential electricity price ($/kWh)

0.09

Industrial electricity price ($/kWh)

0.08

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

86

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

37

Energy bill savings (billion$)

7.4

CONTRIBUTING TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION

Country objective: With domestic resources, by 2030 Viet Nam will reduce GHG emissions by 8% compared to BAU, in which:- Emission intensity per unit of GDP will be reduced by 20% compared to the 2010 levels; Forest cover will increase to the level of 45%. The above-mentioned 8% contribution could be increased to 25% if international support is received through bilateral and ultilateral cooperation, as well as through the implementation of new mechanisms under the Global Climate Agreement, in which emission intensity per unit of GDP will be reduced by 30% compared to 2010 levels.

Lighting

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

1.6

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

0.7

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM LIGHTING IN 2030 (megatonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

0.69

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

384,600

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF LIGHTING IN 2030 (billion$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted billion$)

0.14

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(100MW)

4

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

11

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

5

Energy bill savings (billion$)

1

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (TWh)

Refrigerator

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

3.6

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.6

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (megatonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

1.6

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

875,200

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

320

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(100MW)

8

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

19

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

8.6

Energy bill savings (billion$)

1.8

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF REFRIGERATORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (TWh)

Air Conditioner

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

1.1

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

0.5

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (megatonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

0.49

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

270,200

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

99

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(100MW)

3

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

6.1

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

2.7

Energy bill savings (million$)

550

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (TWh)

Transformer

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

3.2

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.5

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (megatonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

1.3

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

735,300

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (billion$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted billion$)

0.29

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(100MW)

7

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

18

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

7.6

Energy bill savings (billion$)

1.6

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (TWh)

Electric Motor

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOTORS IN 2030 (TWh)

Energy savings (TWh)

6.3

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

2.9

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM MOTORS IN 2030 (megatonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

2.8

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

1,542,100

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF MOTORS IN 2030 (billion$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted billion$)

0.5

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(100MW)

14

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

30

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

13

Energy bill savings (billion$)

2.4

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOTORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (TWh)

The savings potentials are calculated based on the assumption that minimum energy performance standards are implemented in 2020 at a level equivalent to the present day (2016) best global minimum energy performance standards.

Full Methodology & assumptions (PDF)