Country Assessments

Benin Savings Policy Assessment

Country Overview

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

230

Percentage of total electicity use (%)

8.6

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

180

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

98,900

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

36

Energy plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

3

SAVINGS, SHARE OF DIFFERENT APPLIANCES IN 2030 (%)

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF FIVE APPLIANCES IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION

Electrification rate (%)

0.28

Transmission and distribution loss factor (%)

0.09

CO2 emissions factor (kg/kWh)

0.72

Population 2014 (million)

10.6

GDP per capita 2014/2013 ($)

825

Residential electricity price ($/kWh)

0.16

Industrial electricity price ($/kWh)

0.13

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (TWh)

1.4

CO2 emissions avoided (megatonnes)

1.1

Energy bill savings (million$)

230

CONTRIBUTING TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION

Country objective: Avoiding cumulative emissions of 120 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent between 2020 and 2030, compared to business as usual.The unconditional contribution corresponds to a reduction of the cumulative GHG emissions compared to maintaining status quo scenario of 3.5% by 2030. The conditional contribution could allow an additional reduction of the cumulative GHG emissions of 17.9% compared to the BAU scenario of around 3.5% by 2030.

Lighting

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

85

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

3.2

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM LIGHTING IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

67

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

37,300

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF LIGHTING IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

14

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

660

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

520

Energy bill savings (million$)

110

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTING IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Refrigerator

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

46

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.7

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

36

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

20,200

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF REFRIGERATORS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

7.3

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

250

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

200

Energy bill savings (million$)

40

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF REFRIGERATORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Air Conditioner

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

40

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.5

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

32

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

17,800

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

6.5

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

0

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

210

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

170

Energy bill savings (million$)

34

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Transformer

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

44

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

1.7

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

32

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

17,800

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

7.1

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

1

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

250

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

180

Energy bill savings (million$)

39

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

Electric Motor

BAU

Business as usual

Policy Scenario

Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)

BAT

Best available technology

TWh

Terawatt hours

GWh

Gigawatt hours

ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOTORS IN 2030 (GWh)

Energy savings (GWh)

13

Percentage of total electricity use (%)

0.5

ANNUAL CO₂ EMISSIONS FROM MOTORS IN 2030 (kilotonnes)

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

11

Equivalent to number of passenger cars

5,900

ANNUAL ENERGY COSTS OF MOTORS IN 2030 (million$)

Energy Bill

Energy bill savings (undiscounted million$)

1.7

Energy Plant

Equivalent to number of building new power plants
(20MW)

0

CUMULATIVE SAVINGS (2020 - 2030)

Energy savings (GWh)

69

CO2 emissions avoided (kilotonnes)

55

Energy bill savings (million$)

9

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOTORS IN THREE SCENARIOS (BAU, POLICY SCENARIO, BAT SCENARIO) (GWh)

The savings potentials are calculated based on the assumption that minimum energy performance standards are implemented in 2020 at a level equivalent to the present day (2016) best global minimum energy performance standards.

Full Methodology & assumptions (PDF)